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NEW LAW

1. What was in the new law that was blotted out and taken out of the way, nailed to the cross of Christ?
Read: Colossians 2:14,16,17
14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; 16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. (2:14,16,17)
NOTE: In this passage, Paul said: 'Because Jesus Christ blotted out the law, took it out of the way, nailing it to His cross, therefore, you should not worry about the rules and regulations about meat, drink, holy day, new moon, or sabbath days, which foreshadow - point to - Jesus Christ and His saving works.'
This new law had something to do with: meat, drink, holy day, new moon, and sabbath days. 
But not any meat, drink, holy day, new moon, and sabbath days. Only those that foreshadow - point to - Jesus Christ and His saving works.​ 
2. What was the law that regulated meat, drink, holy day, new moon, and sabbath days that foreshadowed or pointed to Jesus Christ and His saving works?
Read: Leviticus 23:37
These are the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing on his day. (23:37)
NOTE: The law that regulated meat, drink, holy day, new moon, and sabbath days that foreshadowed or pointed to Jesus Christ and His saving works can be found in the whole book of Leviticus. 
A good summary of this law can be found in Leviticus 23:37. The 'holy day, new moon, and sabbath days' in Colossian 2: 16,17 refer to the 'feasts of the LORD' in this passage, and the 'meat' and the 'drink' in Colossian 2: 16,17 refer to the 'meat offering' and the 'drink offerings' that were parts of the animal sacrifices in this passage. This law is usually called the 'ceremonial law'. 
After the fall, God commanded mankind to celebrate these feasts and offer animal sacrifices that included the meat and the drink offerings. What was the purpose? In love, God wanted to remind mankind that even if they sinned and deserved death, there was still a hope for them. If only they would confess and forsake their sins, and have faith in the coming Messiah that would die in their place to pay the penalty of their sins, they would be forgiven.
3. The 'feasts' in Leviticus 23:37 include 'an holy day, the new moon, and the sabbath days'. Which 'sabbath days' does Leviticus 23:37 refer to?
Read: Leviticus 23:24
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. (23:24)
NOTE: The annual Jewish feast called the feast of trumpets was called a sabbath.
Read: Leviticus 23:27,32
Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. 32 It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your sabbath. (23:27,32)
NOTE: Another annual Jewish feast called the day of atonement was also called a sabbath.
Read: Leviticus 23:39,43
Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep a feast to the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. (23:39,43)
NOTE: Another annual Jewish feast called the feast of booths or the feast of tabernacle was also called a sabbath.
Any of these three annual Jewish feasts falls on a different day of the week each year.
What were the differences between the Ten Commandments and the ceremonial law?
Find the answer in TEN COMMANDMENTS & CEREMONIAL LAW
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